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Lawn Care Tips

by Nate on February 28, 2011

Lawn care is the most basic of landscaping chores. If you want to do it yourself and have a great looking home landscape, you need to know a few Dallas Lawn Care tips. Before you do anything else, such as mowing, clean the lawn. Rake up leaves and debris and clear unwanted brush. If you want a level lawn, get rid of bumps or dips:

  • To get rid of little dips, fill the holes with topsoil and then add grass seed.
  • To remove bumps, use a garden spade to cut an X in the raised area. Peel back the sod and then remove soil as needed before replacing the sod.

By cleaning and leveling your yard, you will make the lawn easier to mow, and your yard will have a pleasing, uniform appearance.

  • Mowing Mow the grass regularly. Depending on where you live, and how fast your grass grows, mow once every week or two. Adjust the lawn mower blade so that it does not cut off more than one third of the grass’s height. The surface area of each blade of grass is important in sustaining the health of the lawn. Cutting the grass too short creates an environment conducive to disease.
  • Aeration Another essential lawn tip is to make sure that your soil is not too compact. Over time, soil becomes compact and hard beneath the grass, which causes such problems as reduced moisture penetration and restricted grass root growth.
  • Fertilizing Fertilizer can help your lawn grow. While you can grow a healthy and attractive lawn without fertilizers, many people find them helpful. However, avoid using too much fertilizer, which can kill your lawn and harm the environment as the excess fertilizer is washed away.
  • Top Dressing If you want to avoid using standard fertilizers for top dressing, try the tips offered in the Organic Lawn Care Guide .Top dressing is composted organic matter mixed half and half with sand. You spread a thin layer over the lawn to improve the lawn rooting, creating healthier, hardier grass, without fertilizer.
  • Overseeding To prevent weeds and avoid the use of herbicides, you can use the organic lawn practice of over seeding. Overseeding helps crowd out weeds and creates a thick, lush lawn. First, rake or aerate to expose soil. Then spread about one-and-a-half times more than the recommended amount of grass seed.

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12 Months of Tips

by Nate on February 27, 2011

12 Month tips

JANUARY:

PLANT WATER
Fruit and pecan trees.

  • Balled-and-burlapped or containerized trees, shrubs,and vines.
  • Cold-hardy color: dianthus, pansies, flowering kale, and cabbage (if the weather is mild).
  • Once a week
  • 10 minutes per station
FERTILIZING / WEED CONTROL PEST CONTROL
  • Post emergent
  • Spray Weeds
  • Pre emergent
  • Fire Ants
PRUNE MONTHLY MAINTENANCE
  • Shade trees and summer flowering trees. Remove dead and damaged limbs.
  • Summer-flowering trees including crepe myrtles (remove no twigs larger than a pencil in diameter), abelias, altheas.
  • Evergreen shrubs.
  • Leaf Cleanup
  • Weed beds
  • Aerate
  • Mulch
  • Sprinkler Check

FEBRUARY:

PLANT WATER
  • Petunias, pansies, pinks, snapdragons, alyssum, calendulas, glads, cannas, and daylilies.
  • 1-2 times a week
  • 10 minutes per station
FERTILIZE PEST CONTROL
  • Pre emergent
  • Post emergent
  • Fire Ants
PRUNE MONTHLY MAINTENANCE
  • Shade and ornamental trees lightly to remove dead, diseased, and crossing limbs.
  • Evergreens and summer-flowering plants.
  • Leaf cleanup
  • Weed beds
  • Mulch
  • Aerate
  • Sprinkler check

MARCH:

PLANT WATER
  • Trees and shrubs.
  • Plant cool-season annuals such as petunias and snapdragons. Begin planting warm-season types after last killing freeze.
  • 1-2 times per week.
  • 10 minutes per station
FERTILIZE PEST CONTROL
  • Pre emergent
  • Post emergent
  • Fire Ants
PRUNE MONTHLY MAINTENANCE
  • Spring-flowering shrubs and vines only after they finish blooming; flowering quince, spirea, forsythia, weigela, azaleas, camellias, Caroline jessamine, wisteria, climbing roses, etc.

.

  • Mow every two weeks
  • Weed beds
  • Mulch
  • Aerate
  • Sprinkler check

APRIL:

PLANT WATER
  • Turfgrass from plugs, sod, sprigs, or seed.
  • Roses from containers.
  • Warm-season flowers including (sun) periwinkles, cosmos, portulaca, copper leaf, marigolds, zinnias, lantana; (shade) caladiums, coleus, begonia, impatiens, and nicotiana.
  • 2-4 times per week
  • 10 minutes per station
FERTILIZE PEST CONTROL
  • Fertilize
  • Spray weeds
  • Fire ants
  • Grub worms
PRUNE MONTHLY MAINTENANCE
  • Spring-blooming vines and shrubs immediately after bloom.
  • Pick-prune hedges to be wider at the bottom for better light and thicker growth.
  • Mow weekly
  • Trim hedges
  • Weed beds
  • Mulch
  • Aerate
  • Sprinkler check

MAY:

PLANT WATER
  • Lawn grasses from plugs, sod, seed, sprigs, or by hydromulching. Plant buffalograss in sun.
  • Tropical color in beds or pots: bougainvillea, mandevilla, allamanda, penta, hibiscus, and others.
  • Trees and shrubs.
  • Warm-season annual color plants.
  • Cannas, glads, caladiums, and other seasonal bulbs. Mums and other fall perennials.
  • Groundcovers from 2 1/4″ or 4″ pots.
  • 2-4 times per week
  • 10 minutes per station
FERTILIZE PEST CONTROL
  • Fertilize
  • Spray weeds
  • Fire ant killer
  • Grub worm control
  • Fleas, ticks, and chiggers
PRUNE MONTHLY MAINTENANCE
  • Climbing roses after their bloom.
  • Spring-flowering shrubs, vines, shrubs, and trees after their bloom
  • Mow weekly
  • Trim hedges
  • Weed beds
  • Aerate
  • Mulch
  • Sprinkler check

JUNE:

PLANT WATER
  • All warm-season grasses; bermuda, zoysia, St. Augustine , and buffalo.
  • Summer annual color, such as portulaca, marigold, zinnia, periwinkle, lantana, copperleaf, amaranthus, cosmos, and verbena.
  • Tropical color: bougainvilleas, hibiscus, pentas, allamandas, mandevillas, etc.
  • Crepe myrtle, while in bloom to be sure of color.
  • Shrubs and trees.
  • Every other day
  • 10 minutes per station
FERTILIZE PEST CONTROL
  • Fertilize
  • Spray weeds
  • Fire ants
  • Grub worms
  • Fleas, ticks, chiggers
PRUNE MONTHLY MAINTENANCE
  • Remove spent flowers from daisies, daylilies, cannas, and other summer flowers.
  • Dead and damaged wood from trees and shrubs as needed.
  • Mow weekly
  • Trim hedges
  • Weed beds
  • Aerate
  • Sprinkler check
  • Mulch

JULY:

PLANT WATER
  • Color for fall: marigolds, zinnias, celosa, Joseph’s coat.
  • Container-grown nursery stock.
  • Warm-season lawn grasses.
  • Every other day
  • 15 minutes per station
FERTILIZE PEST CONTROL
  • Fertilize
  • Spray weeds
  • Chinch bugs
  • Fire ant killer
  • Grub worms
  • Fleas, ticks, chiggers
PRUNE MONTHLY MAINTENANCE
  • Roses to encourage fall bloom.
  • Dead or damaged limbs.
  • Flowering plants to remove spent flower heads.
  • Mow weekly
  • Trim hedges
  • Weed beds
  • Mulch
  • Aerate
  • Sprinkler check

AUGUST:

PLANT WATER
  • Fall color such as mums, asters, marigolds, zinnias, and celosia.
  • Fall-flowering bulbs such as spider lilies, fall crocus, and fall amaryllis.
  • Finish planting warm-season lawn grasses: buffalo, Bermuda , St. Augustine , and zoysia.
  • Wildflower seed.
  • Every other day
  • 15 minutes per station
FERTILIZE PEST CONTROL
  • Fertilize
  • Spray weeds
  • Grub worms
  • Chinch bugs
  • Fire ants
PRUNE MONTHLY MAINTENANCE
  • Trim spent flower stalks and blossoms of annuals and perennials to stimulate re-growth of stems and blooms.
  • Remove dead and damaged wood from shrubs and trees.
  • Mow weekly
  • Trim hedges
  • Weed beds
  • Mulch
  • Aerate
  • Sprinkler check

SEPTEMBER:

PLANT WATER
  • Wildflower seeds.
  • Finish warm-season lawn grass plantings by early September.
  • Perennials.
  • Cool-season grasses.
  • 2-3 times per week
  • 10 minutes per station
FERTILIZE PEST CONTROL
  • Fertilize
  • Spray weeds
  • Pre emergent
  • Grub worms
  • Fire ants
PRUNE MONTHLY MAINTENANCE
  • Remove spent blooms of summer-flowering perennials.
  • Mow weekly
  • Trim hedges
  • Weed beds
  • Mulch
  • Aerate
  • Sprinkler check .

OCTOBER:

PLANT WATER
  • Pansies, violets, pinks, snapdragons, flowering cabbage and kale, English daisies, Iceland poppies, wallflowers, garlic, and other cool-season flowers.
  • Complete wildflower plantings.
  • Trees, shrubs, vines, and spring- and summer-flowering perennials.
  • Cool-season grasses.
  • 2-3 times per week
  • 10 minutes per station
FERTILIZE PEST CONTROL
  • Fertilize
  • Pre emergent
  • Spray weeds
  • Brown patch in St. Augustine
  • Fire ants
  • Grub worms
PRUNE MONTHLY MAINTENANCE
  • Pick-prune shrubs as needed, but save major pruning for winter.
  • Remove dead and damaged wood from trees.
  • Mow weekly
  • Trim hedges
  • Weed beds
  • Mulch
  • Aerate
  • Sprinkler check

NOVEMBER:

PLANT WATER
  • Trees and shrubs.
  • Spring bulbs, including daffodils and grape hyacinths. Pre-cool tulips and hyacinths for 45 days at 40º prior to planting.
  • Spring- and summer-flowering perennials, including daisies, iris, daylilies, lilies, thrift, lythrun, etc.
  • Spring-flowering annuals, including pansies, pinks, snapdragons, flowering cabbage and kale, English daisies, and California and Iceland poppies.
  • Winter-hardy nursery stock.
  • Cool-season grasses.
  • 1-2 times per week
  • 10 minutes per station
FERTILIZE PEST CONTROL
  • Fertilize
  • Pre emergent
  • Spray weeds
  • Grub worms
PRUNE MONTHLY MAINTENANCE
  • Begin major tree pruning. Remove dead limbs before leaves fall. Too early for fruit trees.
  • Pick-prune shrubs to remove longest shoots if needed.
  • Remove spent blooms and seed heads from flowering plants.
  • Cut off tops of brown perennials; leave roots in the soil.
  • Leaf cleanup
  • Mulch
  • Aerate
  • Sprinkler check

DECEMBER:

PLANT WATER
  • Trees and shrubs.
  • 1 time per week
  • 10 minutes per station
FERTILIZE PEST CONTROL
  • Pre emergent
  • Spray weeds
  • As needed
PRUNE MONTHLY MAINTENANCE
  • Evergreens, to adjust the appearance.
  • Shade trees, to remove dead and damaged wood.
  • Leaf cleanup
  • Mulch
  • Aerate
  • Sprinkler check
  • Mulch all bare soil

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